Special Issue "Ecological Quality Status Assessment of Aquatic Ecosystems: New Methods and Perspectives for the Future"
A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Biodiversity and Functionality of Aquatic Ecosystems".
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2022) | Viewed by 28137
Interests: coastal and transitional waters; benthic ecology; global changes; palaeo-ecology; biotic indices; ecosystem functioning; benthic foraminifera
Interests: recent benthic foraminifera; bioindicators; biomonitoring; marine pollution; emerging pollutants; environmental micropaleontology; paleoenvironmental reconstructions; ecological quality status; molecular ecology; biotechnology
Worldwide, legislation emphasizes the need to monitor the health of aquatic ecosystems based on the response of biological quality elements to environmental conditions. A plethora of methodologies have been suggested in this sense. Lately, substantial efforts have led to the exploration of new biological quality elements from the meiobenthic compartment and the implementation of new methodologies based on environmental DNA. Due to their short life cycles, meiofaunal organisms respond quickly to both environmental variability and changes in population dynamics and species composition are indicative of changes in environmental conditions. Recent pioneer studies have shown that biotic indices based on benthic foraminifera and nematodes can efficiently assess the health of transitional and marine ecosystems. The use of environmental DNA, as well as other fingerprinting techniques, is increasing in biomonitoring studies and further calibrations are still needed to implement this method. Finally, recent developments using holographic and fluorescence in situ imaging together with computer-based classification tools open up new perspectives for using automatic imaging methods and artificial intelligence (AI) for benthic diversity studies.
This Special Issue will provide new scientific knowledge by attracting high-quality papers on the use of meiofaunal organisms and/or eDNA and/or fingerprinting techniques to monitor diversity and the health of transitional and marine waters. Specifically, this Special Issue will highlight the need for an improvement of the marine legislation implementation process, particularly focusing on new groups like meiofauna and new techniques either numerical or molecular. Contributions that consider recent fossil assemblages for the reconstruction of paleoecological quality status and to define in situ reference conditions using the hindcasting approach are also welcome.
Dr. Vincent Bouchet
Prof. Dr. Fabrizio Frontalini
Prof. Dr. Daniela Zeppilli
Manuscript Submission Information
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- Marine and transitional waters
- Meiobenthic organisms
- Monitoring studies
- Biotic indices
- Environmental DNA
- Numerical approach